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THE BRITISH POLICY

 

The British Policy:

        Once the British power thought its proper and necessary to annex the hill area, it applied its forward policy and brought all petty independent states under a a single administration and within the larger Bengal presidency. Following the creation of the Assam province, all hill areas were integrated with it. Here one must realize that it was the British rulers that annexed the Khasi-Jai˝tia areas with the larger Indian union through Assam and the Khasi chiefs had not registered any protest. Another thing was that the Khasi states were not united in their attitude towards the colonial powers. Whereas some joined together in the war against the British, other sided with David Scott and a few remain neutral. It happened with u Kiang Nangbah of Jai˝tia hills too. Therefore disunity had strengthened colonial powers both in the war and in administration.

        Taking advantage of the situation, the British introduced contradicting policy upon the Khasi-Jai˝tia areas. First they adopted the British policy of consolidation. All independent states were brought together under the British administration. Second, they divided the people and areas in two distinctive categories. Out of 29 independent Khasi states the British abolished four of them viz., Sutnga, Muliang, Nongpoh and Sohbar. The Sutnga state was declared a British area in 1835 and renamed it as Jai˝tia hills. To cut the description short, there were then the Khasi states areas and the non-state or British areas. Third, the British ruled the areas. The policy of administrating the areas was made in such a way as to weaken the power of the Khasis and to strengthen the colonial rule and administration. It was this political administrative procedure that had tremendous impact on the people and the areas not just then but well up to the present. The British government appointed an officer to look upon the Khasi states and the British areas and as a Political Officer for the Khasi states. The subsequent result was the division of the people and areas notably among the Khasis and the Pnars. 

This site was last updated 05/22/15

 

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